What Are Shrooms ? (Magic Mushrooms) Effects, Myths and more

What Are Shrooms ? (Magic Mushrooms) Effects, Myths and more

Understanding Magic Mushrooms 🍄🍄

Magic mushrooms, containing the hallucinogenic compound psilocybin, have been used by various cultures for centuries. Isolated in 1958 by Dr. Albert Hofmann, psilocybin is the active ingredient responsible for the mushrooms' effects. Commonly known as shrooms, these mushrooms are dried and consumed, either directly or mixed into food and drinks.

Other Names: Shrooms, mushies, blue meanies, golden tops, liberty caps, philosopher's stones, liberties, amani, agaric.

Drug Class: Hallucinogen.

Side Effects: Users may experience nausea, yawning, drowsiness, nervousness, paranoia, panic, hallucinations, and psychosis.

Identification and Consumption
Psilocybin mushrooms resemble dried ordinary mushrooms with long, whitish-gray stems and dark brown caps. They can be consumed raw, cooked, brewed into tea, or even smoked when mixed with tobacco or cannabis. Psilocybin is also available in liquid form, which is a clear brown liquid.

Effects and Usage
Magic mushrooms cause hallucinogenic effects, making users see, hear, and feel unreal sensations. These effects vary widely based on dosage, environment, and individual mental states. Some users report peaceful highs, while others experience anxiety, paranoia, and frightening hallucinations. Factors influencing the experience include age, weight, personality, emotional state, environment, and mental health history.

Expert Insights and Historical Use
Historically, shrooms have been used for spiritual and medicinal purposes by indigenous peoples. They are believed to facilitate superior spiritual states, euphoria, and a distorted sense of time. Psilocybin affects serotonin in the brain, altering perception and taking 20 to 40 minutes to start, with effects lasting up to six hours.

Potential Benefits
Researchers are exploring psilocybin's therapeutic potential. Johns Hopkins University has advocated for reclassifying psilocybin for medical use, citing its effectiveness in treating depression, addiction, and emotional distress in terminal cancer patients. Ongoing research is investigating its benefits for conditions like Alzheimer's, anorexia, opioid addiction, PTSD, and Lyme disease.

Microdosing and Psychotherapy
Microdosing involves taking small amounts of psilocybin to gain benefits without significant side effects. Studies suggest microdosing can alleviate cluster headaches. Psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy is also being studied for its potential to treat addiction and anxiety in terminally ill patients.

Legal Status and Risks
Psilocybin mushrooms are decriminalized in some U.S. cities, and Oregon has established a legal framework for therapeutic use. However, risks include mental and emotional issues, accidental poisoning, and contamination with other substances. Physical effects include dilated pupils, drowsiness, headaches, and increased heart rate.

Help and Recovery
If someone shows signs of shroom use, such as nausea or paranoia, it’s crucial to seek help. Treatments include cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, and support groups. For mushroom poisoning, contact poison control immediately at 800-222-1222.


Johns Hopkins Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research
Poison Control: 800-222-1222


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